How to "Curb" Car Sickness in Puppies and Dogs

How to "Curb" Car Sickness in Puppies and Dogs

Pet Friendly Travel - Car SicknessMuch like humans, dogs and puppies can also experience a feeling of illness while on car trips.  This car sickness can make pet travel, whether short or long, quite an ordeal for dogs and their families.  Fortunately, there are things you can do to help your dog in the car.

The most common reasons for car sickness in puppies and dogs are:

  • The ear structures used for balance aren't fully developed in puppies. This can cause motion sickness.  Fortunately, many dogs will outgrow car sickness.
  • Stress can also add to travel sickness.   For example, if your dog has only been in the car to go to the vet, he may make himself sick from the worry and apprehension of seeing the vet.
  • If your dog has been nauseous the first few times traveling in the car as a puppy, he may have conditioned himself to see car travel as a time when he will get sick. 

You can look for some common signs of car sickness in your pet, such as:

  • Inactivity
  • Restlessness
  • Excessive Yawning
  • Whining
  • Hyper Salivation (drooling)
  • Vomiting

Typically symptoms will go away shortly after the vehicle stops.

There are a number of treatment options available to help prevent car sickness for your puppy or dog.   Physical comfort in the car, reconditioning, medication and holistic treatments can all help to make car traveling a lot easier on your dog.  

1.  Physical Comfort in Car:  Try these options to help make the car ride as physically comfortable as possible for your dog.

  • Face your dog forward in moving vehicle – if your dog is facing forward he will see less movement.  Looking out of the side windows causes objects to blur and that can cause or compound motion sickness.
  • Avoid letting your pet travel in the farthest backseat because this is where there is the most motion.
  • Opening the windows in the car a little bit may help reduce air pressure inside the vehicle and allow for better ventilation.
  • Don’t give your puppy or dog any food for a few hours before getting in the car.
  • Try putting him in a travel crate.  Sometimes, this helps to keep him from looking outside too much and helps to keep any sickness he may have in a confined space.
  • Keep it cool in the vehicle.  A hot, stuffy ride can make car sickness worse for your dog.
  • Toys may help distract and entertain a high-strung dog.
  • Taking frequent potty breaks may also help.
  • Exercise before getting in the car to travel.

2.  Reconditioning:  Sometimes reconditioning will help your dog to relax in the car.  Reconditioning is needed if your dog associates riding in the car with something bad, like getting sick or going to the vet.  Reconditioning takes patience for both you and your dog.  Here are some tips to help recondition your dog.

  • Try a different vehicle.  He may associate your vehicle with unpleasant memories.
  • Take short car trips to places your dog enjoys.
  • Gradually build your dog’s tolerance.  Start by sitting in the car with your dog with the engine off.   Do this over a few days.  Then, when he seems comfortable, sit in the car with the car idling.  After this, take a ride around the block.  Now you can try a longer trip.  By doing this slowly and over a period of time you are helping remove the stress of traveling from your dog.
  • Use treats to make the car a fun place for your dog.
  • Buy a special toy that they can only play with in the car.

3.  Medication:  There are times when medications are necessary to help your dog during pet travel.  Some over-the-counter and prescribed medications are listed below.  

  • Anti-nausea drugs - reduce vomiting.
  • Antihistamines - used to lessen motion sickness, reduce drooling, and help them to be calm.
  • Phenothiazine and related drugs - reduce vomiting and help to sedate.

Always discuss any medications with your veterinarian before using to make sure your dog is healthy, the dosage is correct, and that the medication won’t harm your dog.

4.  Holistic Approach:  Holistic treatments are another option for a dog parents to try.  Some common holistic choices are listed below.

  • Ginger can be used for nausea.  Ginger snap cookies or ginger pills can be given at least 30 minutes before travel.
  • Peppermint, chamomile and horehound naturally help calm the stomach of your pup.
  • Massage helps to relax your pet before you travel.

Always discuss any holistic remedies with your veterinarian before using to make sure your dog is healthy, the dosage is correct, and that the treatment won’t harm your dog.

Patience and training may help in preventing car sickness during pet travel. You may also need to stock up on certain medications or holistic remedies to help calm your dog if physical changes and reconditioning don’t do the trick.   Hopefully, with time and a little effort your dog will be able to ride safely and happily in your car!

Pet Travel Tips for Holiday Road Trips

Pet Travel Tips for Holiday Road Trips

Christmas Holiday Pet Travel


It's almost time to go over the river and through the woods and start your holiday travels with your pet, possibly staying at pet friendly hotels along the way.  Before you start thinking of presents and egg nog, keep in mind that it's important to plan ahead for pet travel and always keep the best interests of your furry, four-legged friend in mind.  Traveling with your pet can be a wonderful and bonding experience or a not so pleasant one.  It's all a matter of proper planning and preparation.

Your first decision is whether to bring your pet along with you on your trip.  Not all pets are suited for travel. While it may be very tempting to bring your pet with you, keep in mind that not all pets are happy travelers.  Things to consider include your pet's temperament, any physical impairments, or if your pet suffers from an illness.  If you're uncertain whether your pet is suited for travel, you may want to consult with your veterinarian.

If you determine that your pet is up for the trip, then following some common sense tips will help to ensure that your Thanksgiving travels with your furry friend is enjoyable for both of you!

Pre-Travel Preparation

  • Healthy Start:  The last thing you need is a sick pet when traveling. This means a visit to the vet for a medical checkup and to ensure that your pet is up-to-date with all necessary vaccinations. The veterinarian can also issue a health certificate for your pet.  If you and your pet will be traveling across state lines, you must obtain a recent health certificate and a certificate of rabies vaccination.  If your plans include traveling with your pet from the United States to Canada, you will need to bring along a certificate issued by a veterinarian that clearly identifies the animal and certifies that your pet has been vaccinated against rabies during the preceding 36 month period. Be sure to contact the government of the province you plan to visit as each province has its own requirements.
  • Plan for Restraint:  Have a plan for how you're going to properly restrain your pet in your vehicle.   This is a crucial element of pet travel that is not taken seriously enough. The reality is that hundreds of pets are injured or even killed each year because they are allowed free reign in cars, trucks, RVs, and SUVs.  Even more real is the toll in human life and property damage caused when an "enthusiastic" animal distracts a driver, leading to an accident. Vehicle pet barrierspet seat beltspet car seats, and pet travel crates are all excellent ways to keep your pet (and you) safe when traveling in your vehicle.  It's important to familiarize your pet with the vehicle restraint of choice weeks or months before traveling so that they are comfortable.
  • Temporary ID Tag:  In the unfortunate event that your pet runs off while you're traveling.  A temporary identification tag, along with a photo of your pet will help ensure their safe return.  Attach a temporary ID tag to your pet's collar in addition to their permanent tag. Include the address and phone number of where you'll be staying along with your cell phone number and perhaps your email address. This is one of the most important aspects of traveling with your pet, but also one of the most overlooked. In addition, bring along a current photo of your pet. A photograph will make it easier for others to help you find your lost pet.
  • Packing Essentials:  When packing for your pet include an ample supply of your pet's food.  Don't rely on stopping along the way to pick up their food or picking it up at your final destination. Their particular brand of food may not be readily available and it is not advisable to introduce your pet to a new brand of food while traveling.  Other essentials to pack for your pet include collapsible travel food and water bowls, bedding, litter and litter box, leash, collar and tags, favorite toys, grooming supplies, a pet first-aid kit and any necessary medications. And of course, be sure to always have an ample supply of water available for your pet.
  • Secure Pet Friendly Accommodations:  If you're planning a long journey and will need to stay in lodging on the way to your final destination, be sure to secure these pet friendly accommodations before you hit the road. Map out where you'll be spending the night and arrange for lodging along the way.    Our Search By Route will allow you to find pet friendly lodging along your route by plugging in your origination location and final destination. Pet policies do change some times without notice and accommodations may be limited so it's recommended that you make reservations in advance.
  • Medical Records:  In case of a medical emergency while traveling, it is advisable to bring along your pets medical records along with your vet's contact information should they be needed for consultation.

Hitting the Road

  • No Heads Out the Window:  Although many pets find that sticking their head out the window is the best part of the road trip, it's not safe.  Your pet can easily be injured by flying debris.  This should go without saying, but NEVER travel with a pet in the back of a pickup truck. Some states have laws restricting such transport and it is always dangerous.
  • Frequent Pit Stops:  Always provide frequent bathroom and exercise breaks. Most travel service areas have designated areas for walking your pet. Be sure to stay in this area particularly when you pet needs a potty break, and of course, bring along a bag to pick up after your pet.  When outside your vehicle, make sure that your pet is always on a leash and wearing a collar with a permanent and temporary travel identification tag.
  • Proper Hydration:  During your pit stops be sure to provide your pet with some fresh water to wet their whistle.  Occasionally traveling can upset your pet's stomach. Take along ice cubes, which are easier on your pet than large amounts of water.
  • Watch the Food Intake:  It is recommended that you keep feeding to a minimum during travel.  Be sure to feed them their regular pet food and resist the temptation to give them some of your fast food burger or fries (that never has a good ending!).
  • Don't Leave Them Alone:  Never leave your pet unattended in a parked vehicle. On warm days, the temperature in your vehicle can rise to 120 degrees in minutes, even with the windows slightly open. In addition, an animal left alone in a vehicle is an open invitation to pet thieves.
  • Practice Restraint:  Be sure that your pet is safely restrained in your vehicle.  Utilizing a pet safety harnesstravel kennelvehicle pet barrier, or pet car seat are the best ways to keep your pet safe.  They not only protect your pet from injury, but they help by keeping them from distracting you as you drive.  A safety harness functions like a seatbelt.  While most pets will not have a problem adjusting to it, you may want to let them wear the harness by itself a few times before using it in the vehicle. If your pet prefers a travel kennel, be sure it is well ventilated and stabilized.  Many pet owners prefer vehicle barriers, particularly for larger pets.  Vehicle barriers are best suited for SUVs.  Smaller pets are best suited for pet car seats.  The car seat is secured in the back seat using a seat belt and your pet is secured in the car seat with a safety harness.  In addition to it's safety features, a pet car seat will prop up your smaller pet, allowing them to better look out the window.  No matter what method you choose, back seat travel is always safer for your pet.
  • Safe and Comfortable:  Whatever method you choose to properly restrain your pet in your vehicle, be sure to make their comfort a priority.  Just as it's important for your "seat" to be comfortable for your long road trip, your pet's seat should be comfortable too. Typically their favorite blanket or travel bed will do the trick. There are also some safe and very cozy pet car seats available that your pet may find quite comfy.

Careful preparation is the key to ensuring that you and your pet have a happy and safe trip.

Pet Friendly Travel: What to Know About Pet Car Seats

Pet Friendly Travel: What to Know About Pet Car Seats

Pet Travel Car Seats


Pet travel is on the rise.  No longer are dogs and cats staying at home while their humans venture off to run errands or a go on a family vacation.  Whether you're traveling across town to go to the pet store or to a pet friendly hotel, vacation rental or bed & breakfast across the country with your pet, it's important to make sure that they are properly secured in your vehicle.  

Pet car seats are one very popular option that many dog parents choose to secure their four-legged friend in their vehicle when they travel.  These are primarily used for dogs (as cats are best suited for travel crates/kennels).  

You can find pet car seats in various sizes depending on the size of your pet.  However, they do not accommodate larger dogs.  The largest car seats for pets out there typically hold dogs up to 35lbs.  In addition to properly securing your pet in your vehicle, most pet car seats also serve as a booster!  They give smaller dogs a boost to allow them to look out the window (but remember, no heads out the window!).  

Most pet car seats are secured to the vehicle seat similar to how child car seats are secured.  They are strapped in using the car's safety belt.   The pet car seats also have a lead attached to them.  The lead is attached to the pet's harness. That's right, a harness!  You should never attach the lead to a collar as this could possibly cause strangulation if you were ever in an accident.  As another safety precaution, it is recommended that pet car seats are secured in the back seat.

There are all kinds of shapes, sizes, fabrics, and colors to choose from when it comes to pet car seats.  Quilted, plaid, magenta, cozy lamb's wool interiors, funky capsule looking seats – there is something for every pet traveler!  There are also accessories for pet car seats.  When you make pit stops on your way to your pups favorite dog friendly hotels, you dog can eat and drink from a car seat travel rack which holds food and water bowls.  Some pet car seats have storage compartments so your pet can bring along some of their favorite toys or pet travel treats on their way to grandma's house or to pet friendly accommodations!  What if you have multiple little dogs?  No problem.  There are even pet car seats that safely accommodate more than one pet!

No matter what pet car seat you choose, it's very important to allow your pet to get used to it before you hit the road.  The first step would be to get them used to wearing a harness if they have never worn one before.  Let your pet wear the harness around the house for awhile and then take them on walks using the harness.  Each pet is different – some pets instantly take to the harness, others take some more work.  The next step is getting them used to the car seat.  Put the car seat on the floor in your house and let your pet sniff and explore it.   Practice securing your pet in the car seat in your home.  When they are comfortable, bring it into your vehicle.  Go for short rides, and then gradually build up to longer rides.  Again, some pets will automatically take to it without any problem; others may take a little time.   You know your pet best, so be sure to be patient as to not make it stressful for them.   

When hitting the road on your next pet travel adventure, be sure to consider a pet car seat as a safe way to secure your pet in your vehicle.

Unsafe. And Illegal? Driving with Pets on Laps

Unsafe. And Illegal? Driving with Pets on Laps

Driving with Pets on Lap


While the biggest road safety concern was once driving under the influence, it has been discovered that simply driving while distracted – while eating, applying makeup, or using a cell phone, for example -- can be a dangerous endeavor. Over the past few years, texting and driving in particular has proven to be a very serious road hazard; it has cost a number of lives, and 42 states have developed laws and campaigns against it.

Now many states are focusing their attention on a new potential driving danger – one that has gone virtually unnoticed for years, but may prove to be just as much of a danger as texting and driving. This one involves the fairly common habit of driving with a pet on one’s lap.

The problemThere are no real statistics to say exactly how many accidents have been caused by drivers allowing pets on their laps in recent years. However, the potential danger is real. The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety notes that taking your eyes off the road for just two seconds doubles your chance of a crash. It would only take two seconds for a frightened or excited pet to suddenly climb up onto your neck, attempt to jump out a window, claw you, or crawl under the brake pedal.

The factsA 2011 AAA and Kurgo survey examined how and why people drive with their pets, as well as any potential distractions traveling with pets might cause. They found that nearly 60 percent of respondents had driven with their pets in the last month, and a full 31 percent admitted to being distracted by their pet while driving. Among the more common distractions: reaching in the backseat to interact with a pet; feeding and petting a pet; and taking a pet’s photo while driving.

Nearly one in five respondents admitted to either allowing their pet to sit on their lap or holding them while driving. Twenty-three percent admitted that they use their hands or arms to try and secure their pet when they hit the brakes.

The reasonsRespondents offered several reasons for not keeping their pets restrained in the car. The biggest of these reasons had to do with their pet’s perceived temperament; responders reasoned that if their pet was calm, there was no need for restraints. Many respondents had simply never given thought to the idea of using a pet restraint. Some felt that restraints weren’t necessary on short trips, while others noted that they wanted their dog to be able to put his head out the window.

The dangersWhile potential accidents are reason enough to reconsider driving with your pet on your lap, there are other very real dangers to keep in mind. If a crash – even a minor one -- were to occur, a small pet could easily be crushed by a deployed airbag, or thrown from a car and injured. Many times pets escape from the vehicle after an accident and run away or run out into traffic.  What’s more, during a crash an unrestrained dog can act as a dangerous airborne projectile. As AAA National Traffic Safety Programs Manager Jennifer Huebner-Davidson notes, “An unrestrained 10-pound dog in a crash at only 30 mph will exert roughly 300 pounds of pressure . . . Imagine the devastation that can cause to your pet and anyone in its path.”

The solutionStates are taking notice of the potential dangers driving with a pet on one’s lap can cause. The state of Hawaii has made it illegal to carry a pet on one’s lap while driving, and many other states have either introduced, considered or enacted legislation related to unsafe pet travel. Some states have created specific ordinances regarding where in the car your pet can safely travel, and driving with your pet on your lap can earn you a traffic stop or a fine. Even in some states where there is no specific law pertaining to driving with a pet on your lap, you can still be cited for doing so under broader distracted driving laws. 

It’s evident from the AAA study that increased awareness would likely also make a great deal of difference in how people drive with their pets. AAA notes that drivers who have heard of cases where unrestrained dogs were injured or caused injury to someone during a crash were three times more likely to use a restraint than those who had not.

While we love and enjoy traveling with our pets, the best way for them to ride along with us is to be safely secured in the back seat or cargo area of an SUV. There are any number of vehicle pet safety solutions that are comfortable for dogs and cats that still allow them enough freedom of movement to enjoy the ride. For a very little investment pet parents can have peace of mind by ensuring the safety of their furry kids.  


Should Fido Come with you on your Road Trip?

Take Him Along, or Leave Him Behind: Should Fido Come with you on your Road Trip?

Should Fido Come With You on Your Road Trip?

How to decide whether to bring your dog with you on your next trip. By Kim Salerno

My dogs are my kids, and I love spending time with them. I would be completely happy to take them everywhere I go, and I know that other pet parents feel the same way. However, as fun as it seems, the decision to take a pet on the road – particularly on a lengthy trip – is one that requires some thought. Before you load your pets in the car, it’s important that you take some factors into consideration – keeping their best interests in mind.

Does Your Pet’s Temperament Lend itself to Road Trips?Some of my dogs are more easygoing than others, and some of them enjoy road trips more than others. If your pet is adaptable and friendly, choosing to take him along is a pretty easy decision. However, if he’s nervous, uneasy on car rides, or if he gets anxious going to new places or meeting new people, he may not be an ideal travel companion (not to say that he can't be with a llittle bit of training).

It’s also important to consider others when you plan your trip. If you will be going anywhere where there may be crowds, children, or other pets, your pet needs to be well-behaved and well-socialized.

Will Your Pet Enjoy the Trip?Will your pet be comfortable? Will he enjoy the activities you have planned? All of my dogs love a good outdoor adventure, so a hiking or beach trip is a no-brainer. Tucker loves coming along when I go window shopping, or when I stop for lunch at a dog friendly restaurant. You know your dog best, so you are the best person to judge whether he would have a good time.

If you will be stuck in meetings throughout your trip and forced to leave Fido in doggie day care (many pet friendly hotels prohibit pets from staying in your room without you), or if you and your Great Dane will be staying in your sister’s tiny apartment, you may want to reevaluate whether your pet should come along on.

Should Fido Come With You on Your Road Trip?

Is Your Pet in Good Health?If your pet is unwell or hurt, your first instinct may be to travel with him so you can keep an eye on him. After all, who would care for him better than you? However, it may be best for your pet to stay behind until he feels better. After all, he may need more care than you can give him while you’re busy driving, and since he can’t tell you how he feels, there’s no real way of knowing how uncomfortable he really is. Pain and discomfort can even cause your pet to act out, making him a less-than-pleasant travel companion.

If your pet is elderly, but otherwise feels well, you’ll need to make the call. If he is used to taking car trips, still enjoys them, and feels comfortable, taking him along will probably be good for him. If you’re undecided, a quick consultation with your vet can help you figure out whether taking him along is in his best interest.

Should Fido Come With You on Your Road Trip?

Are You Traveling Across State Lines?Different states have different regulations and restrictions when it comes to pets. Some states require quarantines for cats, dogs and other carnivorous pets, and some require you to have an up-to-date certificate stating that your pet is in good health. While you may in all likelihood never be asked to present it, it’s best to ask your vet for a good health certificate if you plan any interstate travel.

Should Fido Come With You on Your Road Trip?

If your pet is healthy, friendly and easygoing, hitting the road together is a fantastic way to break up the day-to-day routine and embark on some fun adventures. It’s also a great opportunity to spend quality time together. However, even if your pet isn’t the perfect travel companion right now, it doesn’t mean he never can be.

There are a number of ways to successfully deal with temperament problems. With good training and patient coaching, your pet can become less sensitive to stimuli and more comfortable with travel. Be aware that most desensitizing techniques take time to work, and if you want your pet to be a happy travel companion, you’ll need to be patient and understanding and let him set the pace.

If your pet suffers from travel anxiety, planning brief trips, or planning trips that end up somewhere exciting and fun can help teach him that travel is rewarding. If your pet experiences motion sickness during car rides, there are a number of remedies that may alleviate his suffering, including holistic remedies, reconditioning and medication.

All told, with a little bit of patience and some hard work from both of you, even a reluctant pet traveler can learn to like car trips, opening up new opportunities for you both to explore and enjoy each other’s company.


Top 5 Tips for Hiking with Your Dog

Why not turn that daily walk into an interesting and fun hike? It's no secret that exercise is a necessity for both you and your dog. We often forget that our dogs are pack animals and their origins are rooted in hunting, playing, and roaming all day long with their pack family. If you are already in the habit of walking your four-legged friend during your pet travel, you know that it's a special time for the two of you to bond as well as establish yourself as the leader of your domestic pack. Why not shake up your routine a bit and kick your workout into high gear by taking your best friend for a hike?

Follow these 5 tips and your hikes will surely be a wonderful experience that you'll both enjoy together.

1.  Know Your Limits (Yours and Your Dog's)

Does your current exercise endeavor consist of walking around the block a couple times? Then you may want to rethink that 10 mile hike you're mapping out. Not only do you need to be able to hike without difficulty, so does your furry companion. Start intensifying your walks by making them longer and include hills if possible so the two of you can build up your stamina. It's also advisable to take your dog to the vet just to ensure that he will be able to accompany you comfortably when you're ready to hike. Dogs are people-pleasers and they never want to let on that they are injured or in pain, so they will endure it for as long as they can.

Top 5 Tips for HIking with Your Dog

2.  Be Prepared

Once you've determined that your hike is a goalĀ, whether it's a long or a short trip, you need to make sure you are prepared. Just like a good pair of hiking boots are essential to you, your pup needs to have his essentials to ensure happy trails and happy tails.

  • Collar and leash - Bring these just as you would when you're going for your regular walks.  We recommend the Quantum Hands Free Pet Leash.

  • Proper ID tags - The tags MUST be legible and specify your dog's name and your current contact information. It's also a good idea to have a current photo with you just in case you get separated.

  • First Aid Kit - Human first aid kits can come in handy in the event of a cut or scrape (for either of you). Throw some tweezers in it for easy tick removal.

  • Vet's Phone Number - In the event that something unexpected happens, keep your vet's phone number with you so you can quickly find out how to best take care of your dog. You can never be too careful.

  • Sunscreen - You both need sunscreen and they make sunscreen specifically for dogs. Light-colored noses are very susceptible to sunburns and dogs can get skin cancer just like you.

  • Orange vests - Know whether or not you are taking your hike during a hunting season. Orange vests for you and your dog will make sure you both stand out.  Try our reflective dog safety vest.

  • Appropriate dress - When hiking during cooler weather, bring along an extra layer if your dog tolerates clothes. For summer hikes, keep a cool, moist scarf or bandana that he can wear to take a bite out of the heat.


  • Pet backpack - Perhaps your pet would like to carry his own gear.  You can find a pet backpack for any sized pooch.


3. Bring Water & Food

Just like you need to fuel up and hydrate for a workout, the same holds true for your canine companion. Bring plenty of water and a pet travel bowl that he can drink from and offer it often along the way. A good rule of thumb is to bring 8 ounces of water for every hour you plan to hike (and don't forget to bring water for yourself!). It's best to keep him from drinking the water in streams or other natural sources, as these could contain nasty bacteria that will make him sick. Bottles of water that are frozen are also great to pack in case the weather is hot and can offer immediate relief to your pooch.

Food should be given on rest breaks or during bouts of less intense activity to ensure that you don't upset his tummy or cause bloat.

4. Be Aware of Your Surroundings

Plan your hikes on trails that are used often and provide a clear path; now is not the time to forge a new one through the wilderness. In most cases, you'll likely encounter the usual suspects of the wildlife world, such as squirrels and maybe a deer or two. Keep your eyes open for common canine offenders, including porcupines and skunks. These animals are not as easily scared off by your dog and may become agitated.

Familiarize yourself with what poison ivy and other unpleasant plants look like. Although your dog can't get poison ivy, they can pass it on to you, so it's best to keep them away from anything suspicious.

Top 5 Tips for Hiking with Your Dog

5. Mind Your Manners

The same rules you follow on your routine walks apply to your hikes. Have a carry in, carry out mentality, which includes cleaning up after your dog on the trail. Using a leash will ensure that other hikers, other dogs, as well as the flora and fauna around you will remain undisturbed. If you're both on a more leisurely hike, let others moving at faster pace pass you easily.

Hiking with your dog is a wonderful way to spend quality time together and enjoy the outdoors all while getting a great workout. You're guaranteed to have a fun and safe hike just by taking a bit of extra time to plan and prepare. Happy trails!